Ancient Xi'an

Xi'an, also called "Chang'an", the capital city of Shaanxi Province, is one of the most influential capital cities of China. It's not only the cradle of the Chinese nation, but also the birthplace of Chinese civilization. To some degree it is taken as the representative of the Chinese history. Xi'an, as it's named now and under different names, has been the capital region for 13 dynastic periods. It also happens to be the eastern end of the Silk Road. It is the home of ancient Neolithic Age ruins discoveries, and several important Buddhist sites. Beyond the history, Xi'an is surrounded by natural beauty, including rivers, mountains, plains, and rolling hills. Nowadays Xi'an has the total area of 10,108 square kilometers with a permanent population of 8.4346 million. It's not only China's seven regional central cities but also one of technology innovation center.

*Xi'an Tour packages

Xi'an is the place you must go when you come to China. It is the ancient capital of China with a history of 5,000 years. As early as Qin Dynasty in the ancient imperial state, Chang'an, today's Xi'an, was announced to be the capital city. As one of the four ancient capitals in the world, Xi'an boasts so many old legends and now is like a huge museum. A city that had risen and fallen through 13 dynasties worth your visit indeed. China Panda Tour selects the most popular Xi'an scenic points and make the below hot tour packages for you to choose. If you have only one day's time in Xi'an, you mustn't miss the Terracotta Warriors, one of the eight wonders of the world. You may also walk through the vicissitudes of the Ancient City Wall, and then taste the local Xi'an food in Muslim Quarter. Pass by the Big Wild Goose Pagoda that once collected the book Tianzhu...Every brick and tile left by the ancients, all reveal Xi'an's history.

Essence of Xi'an Trip - 2 Days

 

Xi'an is like a magnificent historical book, recording the rise and fall of successive dynasties. 

Terracotta Warriors, Ancient City Wall & Muslim Quarter Tour - 1 Day

 

When it comes to tourism in Xi'an, there is one point that cannot be bypassed: the Terracotta Warriors, a symbol of Chinese culture and history. 

Xi'an Symbols & Spirit Tour - 1 Day

Main points of this 1-day city tour include Stele Forest, Shaanxi History Museum, Big Wild Goose Pagoda and the Bell Tower, all have been city landmarks of Xi'an for long.

History & Scenery Xi'an Panorama Trip - 3 Days

 

This is a tour package for you to travel in-depth in Xi'an, touching its long history, rich culture as well as magnificent scenery, and taking away unforgettable memories.

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*China Tour Packages with Xi'an

*Xi'an Maps

*Top Things to Do in Xi'an

Terracotta Army, or Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses, is a collection of 8,099 life-size terracotta figures of warriors and horses located in the Mausoleum of the first Emperor Qin Dynasty. The figures were discovered in 1974 near Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. This incredible army of over 7,000 soldiers, archers, horses and chariots in full battle array has guarded the first Emperor's tomb since 210BC. Each figure is unique, and the painstaking repair and excavation continues in 3 pits which are protected inside huge hangars. After viewing the Terracotta Warriors and Horses, the former president of France Chirac believe this definitely could be the eighth miracle in this world.

1.

Visit the Terracotta Army

Ancient City Wall of Xi'an is one of oldest existing city wall in China. The construction of the first city wall of Chang'an began in the year of 194BC, which was finished in 190BC. The wall measured 25.7 km in length, 12m to 16m in thickness at the base. In Ming Dynasty, people built a new wall to protect a much smaller city of 12 square kilometers round. This wall measures 11.9 km in circumference, 12m in height, and 15m to 18m in thickness at the base. Today tourist can easily see the ancient city wall when sightseeing in Xi'an, and there are programs like bicycling on the city wall for visitors to feel more about the Chinese history. Riding on the ancient city wall, facing the wind with a sense of passing through, and experiencing the traces of history closely, you can not help but sigh at the strength of ancient military defense and the wonder of time.

2.

Ride a bicycle on the Ancient City Wall

Big Wild Goose Pagoda was originally built in 652 during the reign of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). It was functioned to collect Buddhist materials that were taken from India by the hierarchy Xuanzang of his epic journey. The temple complex has several large halls with some great Buddhist statues and murals. As the symbol of the old-line Xi'an, Big Wild Goose Pagoda is a well-preserved ancient building and a holy place for Buddhists. It is located in the southern suburb of Xian City, about 4 kilometers from the downtown of the city. This attraction can be divided into three parts: the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, the Large Ci'en Temple, and the North Square of Big Wild Goose Pagoda.

3.

Visit Xi'an's landmark - Big Wild Goose Pagoda

Shaanxi History Museum is a state-level large-scale modernization. In June, 1991, it was open to be publicafter completion. The history of Shaanxi is said to be the history of China, and this museum is seen as the best of the nation. Seen from outside, it's a magnificent Tang-style building, covering an area of about 70,000 square meters. It brings together the culture of Shaanxi, showing visitors from all over the world the development of Chinese civilization.

4.

Learn some history in Shaanxi History Museum

The history and beauty of Xi 'an are unforgettable, but the food is even more unforgettable. Shaanxi local characteristics meat-eating Jia mo, Liangpi, Xi'an pasta are very good choices. Xi'an Hui (Muslim) historic community located 100 meters away from the west of Drum Tower in the center. Hui Street area has about 10 mosques in different kinds of  size and shapes. About 20,000 Muslims maintain the existing religious traditions and habits. Xi'an famous Beiyuanmen "Snack Street", China's earliest extant mosque Lane, and one of China's three major temples in Xi'an area are located in that place together. It shows a wide range of culture, unique historical and cultural values. Tourists to Xi'an generally wouldn't miss Hui community, not only because of delicious food shops, but also the profound cultural connotation in this street.

5.

Taste Local Xi'an food in Muslim Quarter

Forest of Steles (Beilin) in Xi'an was originally built in Northern Song Dynasty (1090AD) when a large Confucian collection of steles cut in 837AD - the oldest existing texts of the Confucian classics - was moved to it for safekeeping. All kinds of calligraphy and scripts tell stories, poems and reports from around the Empire. Other exhibits include early sculptures and objects from Imperial tombs. Forest of Steles Museum is to collect stone tablets around China in ancient times. It is not only the Chinese ancient culture classics of the carved stone, but also one of the famous calligraphy art treasure land.

6.

Experience Chinese calligraphy & carving art in Steles Forest

Great Mosque is located in the northwest of the Drum Tower on Huajue Lane. It is said to be the oldest mosque of Xi'an. The temple was firstly built in Tang Dynasty (742 AD), at that time, Islam was introduced into Northwest China by Arab merchants and travelers from Persia and Afghanistan during the mid 7th century. Some of them settled down in China and married Chinese women of Han Nationality. Their descendants became Muslim of today. In each generation of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing there were maintenance protections. The mosque is also a result of these historical facts. This Great Mosque occupies an area of over 12,000 square meters. It is divided into four courtyards, 250 meters long and 47 meters wide with a well-arranged layout. Landscaped with gardens, the further one strolls into its interior, the more serene on feels. 

7.

Pay a visit to the Great Mosque

Bell Tower, a classical building with carved beams and painted rafters, has been served as the symbol of Xi’an. It stands in the center of the downtown area where the north street, the south street, the west street and the east street meet. And the tower houses a huge bell which in ancient times was use to strike the time every morning. This is how the tower got its name. Now it is an important historical monument in Shaanxi Province. The Bell tower was firstly built in Ying Xiang Temple in 1384 during the Ming dynasty. Then it was moved to its present site in 1582 as a result of the city's expansion program.

Drum Tower stands 500 meters to the northwest of the Bell Tower. It was built in 1380. There used to be a huge drum in the tower, which told the time at dark, and that is how the tower got its present name. Besides marking the time, the drum was also used to give warnings to people in times of war. The base of the Drum Tower is 1,924 square meters, and 34 meters in height. It was built with blue bricks.

8.

Visit the symbol of Xi'an - Bell Tower

Mt.Huashan is one of the five sacred mountains of China and was called Mt. Taihuashan in ancient times for its five main peaks shaped much like a flower. Mt.Huashan was historically the location of several influential Taoist monasteries, and was known as a center for the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts. Situated in Huayin County, Mt. Huashan is some 120 kilometers east of Xian City in Shaanxi Province. This mountain is celebrated for its majestic breathtaking crags, steep paths, beautiful scenery and it is said to be the most precipitous mountain in the world. Until recently there was only one way to reach the top of Mt. Huashan since ancient times. Most of the trail is very narrow and steep; some parts are almost vertical. Iron chains have been set up along the path, but courage and an adventurous spirit are still necessary if you decide to climb Mt. Huashan on foot. Recent developments have added two alternate ways of traveling to the summit. Now tourists can take the ropeway, or ride the cable car to enjoy the unique scenery of Mt. Huashan. Mt. Huashan has more than two hundred places of interest and fascinating scenic spots. Its five main peaks, the South Peak (Landing Wild Goose Peak), the West Peak (Lotus Flower Peak), the East Peak (Facing Sun Peak), the Middle Peak (Pure Girl Peak) and the North Peak (Yuntai Peak), each of them has its peculiar scene and moving legend.

9.

Climb Mt.Huashan

Foping Nature Reserve is located in the dividing line between north and south of China geographically. For Qinling Ranges, where the winter is not too cold and the summer is not too hot, it is an ideal inhabitant for rare birds and animals. Here the ecological tourism resources are unique that primeval forest and plants are well preserved. 433 species of wildlife including the giant panda, the golden monkey and other national level of protection animals have been found in Foping Nature Reserve. In 1992, the Global Environment Foundation formally determined that there is important significance to protect Foping Nature Reserve in the first biodiversity conservation. With settled protection stations on the mountain, Foping Nature Reserve is a good place for panda-lovers to trace giant pandas living in the natural environment.

10.

Search for Giant Panda's footprint in Foping Nature Reserve

Huaqing Hot Spring Pool is situated about 35 kilometres east of Xi'an City. In Tang Dynasty, Emperor Li Shimin ordered to construct the Hot Spring Palace, and Emperor Xuan Zong had a walled palace built around Lishan Mountain in the year of 747. It was known as the Huaqing Palace. Huaqing Hot Spring Pool is located at the foot of the Lishan Mountain, a branch range of the Qinling Ranges, and stands 1,256 metres high. It is covered with pines and cypresses, looking very much like a dark green galloping horse from a long distance. Thus it has the name as Lishan Mountain. In Tang Dynasty, Emperor Xuan Zong and his favourite lady, Imperial Concubine Yang, used to make their home at Frost Drifting Hall in winter days. When winter came, snowflakes were floating in the air, and everything in sight was white. However, they came into thaw immediately in front of the hall. It owed a great deal to the luke warm vapour rising out of the hot spring. This is the Frost Drifting Hall that greets us today. Huaqing Hot Springs, famous for ancient romances, and more recently the Chiang Kai Shek incident, tourists can enjoy the appealing gardens with the lakes, pools, halls, pavilions and baths, and of course, the hot springs.

11.

Listen to the love story of Imperial Concubine Yang and the Emperor in Huaqing Pool

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